Potassium chlorate decomposes upon slight heating in the presence of a catalyst, according to the reaction below: \[2 \ce{KClO_3} \left( s \right) \rightarrow 2 \ce{KCl} \left( s \right) + 3 \ce{O_2} \left( g \right)\nonumber\]. Chemical reactions in the real world don't always go exactly as planned on paper. Calculate percentage or actual yields from known amounts of reactants. Using this theoretical yield and the provided value for actual yield, the percent yield is calculated to be: \[\mathrm{percent\: yield=\left(\dfrac{actual\: yield}{theoretical\: yield}\right)\times 100}\]. The table must include all the measurements you recorded in the laboratory; it must have a table number and title. a) filtration b) magnetism c) centrifugation d) decantation e) color f) distillation 5. When you look at all of the individual steps, you will see that in this cycle, 1 mole of copper initially will yield 1 mol of copper in the end. The percent yield is the ratio of the given actual yield to our calculated theoretical yield, with the quotient expressed as a percentage: Actual yield of NO product (given) = {eq}2.00 \ g {/eq} In the course of an experiment, many things will contribute to the formation of less product than would be predicted. Mass of copper recovered 1.5180 g 5. Theoretical yield formula. It is higher in the activity series than Ag, so it is a stronger reducing agent and will reduce Ag in a displacement reaction. Name six methods of separating materials. Now that weâve found the theoretical yield of copper, letâs find the percentage yield for this reaction. The formula for percent yield is the experimental yield divided by the calculated (theoretical yield). Example \(\PageIndex{2}\): Oxidation of Zinc. The percent yield is the ratio of the actual yield to the theoretical yield, expressed as a percentage. Percent yield is very important in the manufacture of products. For example, nanowhiskers of copper were shown to undergo brittle fracture at 1 GPa, a value much higher than the strength of bulk copper and approaching the theoretical value. Multiply 0.834 moles CO 2 x 44 g/mol CO 2 = ~36.7 grams. Prepare a concept map and use the proper conversion factor. Mass of beaker with dry copper = 105.4g, 3CuCl2.2H2O (aq) + 2 Al (s) ---> 3 Cu (s) + 2 AlCl3(aq) + 6 H2O(l). Step 3: Apply stoichiometry to convert from the mass of a reactant to the mass of a product: \[40.0 \: \cancel{\text{g} \: \ce{KClO_3}} \times \frac{1 \: \cancel{\text{mol} \: \ce{KClO_3}}}{122.55 \: \cancel{\text{g} \: \ce{KClO_3}}} \times \frac{3 \: \cancel{\text{mol} \: \ce{O_2}}}{2 \: \cancel{\text{mol} \: \ce{KClO_3}}} \times \frac{32.00 \: \text{g} \: \ce{O_2}}{1 \: \cancel{\text{mol} \: \ce{O_2}}} = 15.7 \: \text{g} \: \ce{O_2}\nonumber\]. The molar â¦ What is the theoretical yield of oxygen gas? \[\text{Percent Yield} = \frac{\text{Actual Yield}}{\text{Theoretical Yield}} \times 100\%\]. But, for the theoretical yield, just use the mass of copper (II) chloride dihydrate, convert to moles, then using the stoichiometric ratio, find the number of moles of Cu. \[\ce{CCl4 + 2HF \rightarrow CF2Cl2 + 2HCl} \nonumber\]. Theoretical yield of copper metal in grams (mass of Cd^expected to be formed) Percent yield of copper metal (includes accuracy) What experimental errors occurred during your experiment that may have caused something other than 100% yield of copper metal? In a certain experiment, \(40.0 \: \text{g} \: \ce{KClO_3}\) is heated until it completely decomposes. So, to stop you from wondering how to find theoretical yield, here is the theoretical yield formula: mass of product = molecular weight of product * (moles of limiting reagent in reaction * stoichiometry of product) First, we will calculate the theoretical yield based on the stoichiometry. This is called the theoretical yield, the maximum amount of product that could be formed from the given amounts of reactants. Percentage Yield of Copper Lab Blessie Lacap Mrs. Hoecvar SCH3U1 May 13, 2019 Conclusion: In this lab the actual yield of copper was less than the theoretical yield of copper. Mass of filter paper, watchglass, and copper 34.361 g 7. Actual yield = 14.9g. Determine the theoretical yield, {eq}\displaystyle m {/eq}, of the reaction. Marisa Alviar-Agnew (Sacramento City College). The balanced equation provides the relationship of 1 mol CuSO4 to 1 mol Zn to 1 mol Cu to 1 mol ZnSO4. Other uses utilise its corrosion resistance (e.g. You want to measure how much water is produced when 12.0 g of glucose (#C_6H_12O_6#) is burned with enough oxygen. When a chemist synthesizes a desired chemical, he or she is always careful to purify the products of the reaction. Mass of recovered copper = Mass of copper and evaporating dish â mass of evaporating dish = 43.3403 ± .0001 g â 42.7942 ± .0001 g = .5461 ± .0002 g Percent yield = Mass of recovered copper ÷ initial mass of copper × 100 = .5461 ± .0002 g ÷ .5651 ± .0001 g × 100= .5461 ± .04% g ÷ .5651 ± .02% g × 100 = 96.64 ± .06% percent yield = 96.64 ± .06 percent yield Find: Percent yield, % Yield Now we will use the actual yield and the theoretical yield to calculate the percent yield. In a lab setting, thereâs always some amount of error, whether itâs big or small. This is designed to meet the 2011 OCR Gateway Specification statements about percentage yield. Any help is appreciated. I need help, I don't even know where to start.... please could someone just help me! In an experiment, 1.6 g of dry copper sulfate crystals are made. So the theoretical yield of copper = 0.01173mol. Create your own data table for quantitative data. What is the percent yield for the reaction. (Carbon's molar mass is ~12 g/mol and oxygen's is ~16 g/mol, so the total is 12 + 16 + 16 = 44.) The experiment is performed and the oxygen gas is collected and its mass is found to be \(14.9 \: \text{g}\). Typically, percent yields are understandably less than \(100\%\) because of the reasons indicated earlier. What is the percent yield of a reaction that produces 12.5 g of the Freon CF2Cl2 from 32.9 g of CCl4 and excess HF? Percent yield is a measure of how well the reaction proceeded to completion. Legal. %Yield is probably your next question, and is equal to = (experimental / theoretical) x 100. Chemists need a measurement that indicates how successful a reaction has been. Theoretical yield = 7.75 x 10-3 x Mr Cu(gly)2H2O = 7.75 x 10-3 X 229.66 = 1.78g % yield = 65.45% You didn't say how you calculated the percentage yield, it should be actual yield divided by the theoretical yield then multiply by 100 to make it a percentage. Still have questions? [math]Cu+2AgNO_3\rightarrow2Ag+Cu(NO_3)_2[/math] Cu will likely have a +2 oxidation state. What is the theoretical yield of copper in grams? actual yield = 1.6 g. \ [percentage\ yield\ =\ \frac {1.6} {2.0}\ \times\ 100\] percentage yield = 80%. Watch the recordings here on Youtube! We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. Find the Theoretical Yield. Mass of filter paper and watchglass 32.843 g 6. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. Consider the following reaction: Na2S(aq) + AgNO3(aq) â Ag2S(s) + â¦ So I have no clue about where to begin. (you will probably have to calculate the %Yield, which will tell you how close you got to the theoretical yeild...). The percent yield is determined by calculating the ratio of actual yield/theoretical yield. Besides spills and other experimental errors, there are usually losses due to an incomplete reaction, undesirable side reactions, etc. Upon reaction of 1.274 g of copper sulfate with excess zinc metal, 0.392 g copper metal was obtained according to the equation: 1 mol CuSO4= 159.62 g/mol When complex chemicals are synthesized by many different reactions, one step with a low percent yield can quickly cause a large waste of reactants and unnecessary expense. The theoretical yield is the ensuing conversion of the reaction assuming ideal circumstances. Doing the calculation, weâll get 77.28 percent. You can sign in to vote the answer. Determine the theoretical yield of a substance from a balanced chemical equation (balance it first). This is a strategy to use when calculating the theoretical yield of a chemical reaction. Example \(\PageIndex{1}\) illustrates the steps for determining percent yield. Thanks! Since the actual yield is slightly less than the theoretical yield, the percent yield is just under \(100\%\). Mass of copper (II) chloride dihydrate = 2.0 g, 2. Show all of your work. What is the limiting reactant if 0.5 g Al is reacted with 3.5 g CuCl2? If we multiply everything out, weâll get 0.50722 grams of copper, which is our theoretical yield. Given: Mass of \(\ce{KClO_3} = 40.0 \: \text{g}\). Missed the LibreFest? Determine the theoretical yield of Copper (II) Glycinate Cu(C2H4NO2)2*H2O created if 2 g of Copper (II) Acetate. Take into account CuCl2 is a dihydrate when calculating the molecular weight. The actual yield will always be less than the theoretical yield because no chemical reaction ever reaches 100 percent completion. The chemical equation is already balanced. The molar mass of copper is 63.546 grams per mole. Step 1: Identify the "given" information and what the problem is asking you to "find". Molar mass of Cu^. The mass of copper obtained was 4.8 g. Calculate the percentage yield of copper. Copper (II) oxide reacts with sulfuric acid to make copper (II) sulfate and water. Indeed, whiskers with perfect single crystal structure and defect-free surfaces have been shown to demonstrate yield stress approaching the theoretical value. While it is suited to many applications most centre around its excellent electrical conductivity (e.g. Use complete sentences and cite more than one example. For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. Given: Theoretical yield =15.67 g, use the unrounded number for the calculation. The world of pharmaceutical production is an expensive one. Percentage yield experiment worksheet to support a practical making copper sulphate crystals and calculating the percentage yield. busbars and electric wire). In this example, the molar mass of CO 2 is about 44 g/mol. 1.253 g b. This page was constructed from content via the following contributor(s) and edited (topically or extensively) by the LibreTexts development team to meet platform style, presentation, and quality: CK-12 Foundation by Sharon Bewick, Richard Parsons, Therese Forsythe, Shonna Robinson, and Jean Dupon. Theoretical Yield Sample Calculation . However, percent yields greater than \(100\%\) are possible if the measured product of the reaction contains impurities that cause its mass to be greater than it actually would be if the product was pure. The percent yield is the ratio of the actual yield to the theoretical yield, expressed as a percentage. 50.72 g c. 79.63 g d. 194.3 g Molar mass of copper = 63.55g/mol. The actual yield is the amount of product that is actually formed when the reaction is carried out in the laboratory. Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. Such that if the reaction grew to become into meant to yield 3g of product (theoretical yield) yet you basically get a million.5g of product (actual yield) you've got a % yield of a million.5g/3g = 0.5 * one hundred% = 50%. The provided information identifies copper sulfate as the limiting reactant, and so the theoretical yield (g Cu) is found by performing mass-mass calculation based on the initial amount of CuSO4. The theoretical yield is what you calculate when you do a calculation on paper or before you do a reaction in a lab. I did a lab about mass relationships in a chemical reaction and here's what I got: 1. I keep getting the wrong theoretical yield, please help. This measurement is called the percent yield. The theoretical yield of \(\ce{O_2}\) is \(15.7 \: \text{g}\), 15.67 g unrounded. Much time and money is spent improving the percent yield for chemical production. The copper was filtered off, washed and dried. The theoretical yield for copper was 0.330g and the actual yield was 0.310g. a. So, your theoretical yield of coper would be 65.6 g. You're in luck since it is just a one-to-one ratio in this case (3:3 = 1:1). \[\text{Percent Yield} = \frac{\text{Actual Yield}}{\text{Theoretical Yield}} \times 100\%\] Percent yield is very important in the manufacture of products. Any help would be appreciated. I'm looking for a piece of glassware from France? 8.6: Limiting Reactant, Theoretical Yield, and Percent Yield from Initial Masses of Reactants, [ "article:topic", "showtoc:yes", "transcluded:yes", "source-chem-47507" ], \(\ce{CuSO4}(aq)+\ce{Zn}(s)\rightarrow \ce{Cu}(s)+\ce{ZnSO4}(aq)\), \[\mathrm{1.274\:\cancel{g\:Cu_SO_4}\times \dfrac{1\:\cancel{mol\:CuSO_4}}{159.62\:\cancel{g\:CuSO_4}}\times \dfrac{1\:\cancel{mol\: Cu}}{1\:\cancel{mol\:CuSO_4}}\times \dfrac{63.55\:g\: Cu}{1\:\cancel{mol\: Cu}}=0.5072\: g\: Cu}\nonumber\], 8.5: Limiting Reactant and Theoretical Yield, 8.7: Enthalpy Change is a Measure of the Heat Evolved or Absorbed, information contact us at info@libretexts.org, status page at https://status.libretexts.org, Identify the "given" information and what the problem is asking you to "find.". #"% yield" = ("actual yield")/("theoretical yield") * 100%# So, let's say you want to do an experiment in the lab. The same strategy can be applied to determine the amount of each reagent needed to produce a desired amount of product. Copper is tough and ductile, but is valuable due its ability to conduct electricity. This is known as the theoretical yield. Example: In an experiment to displace copper from copper sulfate, 6.5 g of Zinc was added to an excess of copper (II) sulfate solution. Now we will use the actual yield and the theoretical yield to calculate the percent yield. formula: % yield=actual/theoretical x100%. Andrew, the molar mass of copper (II) chloride dihydrate is 170.48g/mol, not 174.7706g/mol. Many drugs have several steps in their synthesis and use costly chemicals. Theoretical yield = 7.75 x 10-3 x Mr Cu(gly)2H2O = 7.75 x 10-3 X 229.66 = 1.78g % yield = (1.455/1.78) x 100 = 81.7% EDIT: My demonstrator said I calculated my theoretical yield wrong and that I should calculate it "as if I get 100% of copper glycine", which I thought I did? The % yield is the actual yield over theoretical yield (how close to to *ideal* your test grew to become into) multipled by one hundred to furnish a share. Trump to return to White House early from Florida, Celeb doctor reveals he's laid up with COVID-19, Dancer, 'Electric Boogaloo' star Quiñones dead at 65, Pet food recalled after at least 28 dogs die: FDA, NFL coach explains how decision to cut QB went down, Report: Player from '85 Bears SB team arrested for murder, Pandemic fuels record drug abuse in America, Statue of Lincoln with kneeling freed slave removed, Dawn Wells, Mary Ann on 'Gilligan's Island,' dies at 82, Most prolific serial killer in U.S. history dies. CuSO4 + Zn -> ZnSO4 + Cu if 200.0 g of copper(II) sulfate with an excess of zinc metal, what is the theoretical yield of copper? the actual yield is what you get carry of once you bodily do the test. The theoretical yield is the amount of copper you expect to get, based on pure calculation. Much time and money is spent improving the percent yield for chemical production. Percentage Yield = ( Yield Obtained / Theoretical Yield ) x 100. I've already looked online, but the way it is formatted on the websites makes it hard to read. Mass of copper (II) chloride dihydrate you used = 2.0g, So the # of moles of CuCl2.2H2O you used = 2/170.48 mol = 0.01173mol, So the theoretical yield of copper = 0.01173mol, Therefore theoretical yield of copper = (0.01173 * 63.55)g = 0.745g, For extra info, the percent yield of copper from your reaction = (actual yield / theoretical yield) * 100%. Since the amount of product in grams is not required, only the molar mass of the reactants is needed. Monohydrate Cu(C2H3O2)2*H2O and 1.4 g of glycine HC2H4NO2 were used. Theoretical yield of copper in grams (expected to be obtained) Show work: 5. Then, convert the moles of Cu into grams (just multiply by the molar mass of Cu) That's your theoretical yield, and it is normally higher than the experimental yield. Step 3: Use the percent yield equation below. To compute the percent yield, it is first necessary to determine how much of the product should be formed based on stoichiometry. Step 1: Identify the "given" information and what the problem is asking you to "find". Silver Sulfide Production. \(\text{Percent Yield} = \frac{\text{Actual Yield}}{\text{Theoretical Yield}} \times 100\%\), \(\text{Percent Yield} = \frac{14.9 \: \text{g}}{15.\underline{6}7 \: \text{g}} \times 100\% = 94.9\%\). A student begins with 9.5 mL of a 0.15 M Cu(NO3)2 solution and performs copper cycle lab. If the theoretical yield is 2.0 g, calculate the percentage yield of copper sulfate. Using the theoretical yield equation helps you in finding the theoretical yield from the mole of the limiting reagent, assuming 100% efficiency. A great deal of research takes place to develop better ways to make drugs faster and more efficiently. Studying how much of a compound is produced in any given reaction is an important part of cost control. Get your answers by asking now. How do you think about the answers? 3 mol of copper (II) chloride dihydrate gives 3 mol of copper. For most alloys the tensile strength, yield strength, elongation and notch tensile strength increased in the temperature range from 295 to 20 K. Ultimate and yield strengths of most alloys are less at 4 K than at 20 K. Discontinuous yielding is evident in all stress-strain curves at 4 K. You got 0.6 g of Cu, and this is your experimental yield. So, based on this ratio, 1mol of copper(II) chloride dihydrate yields 1mol of copper. Depending on the oxidation state of the copper (+1 or +2), the balanced reaction equation is: 3CuCl + Al â AlClâ + 3Cu, or 3CuClâ + 2Al â 2AlClâ + 3Cu. 1 mol Cu = 63.55 g/mol. Percent yield represents the ratio between what is experimentally obtained and what is theoretically calculated, multiplied by 100%. The mass of oxygen gas must be less than the \(40.0 \: \text{g}\) of potassium chlorate that was decomposed. Step 2: List other known quantities and plan the problem. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. So the theoretical yield is 37.53% References 1) Raymond Chang and Kenneth A.Goldsby , Chemistry , eleventh edition published by Mc Graw Hill copyright 2013 , page 758 and 1002. Conclusion Copper(II)oxalate complexes, K2[Cu(C2O4)2 (H2O)2] was prepared.The actual mass obtained was 1.7262 g while the theoretical yield obtained was 4.6 g . The theoretical yield is the amount of the copper that you would expect to get by calculating the mass produced solely from the equation. Please write out the equation so I can look it over and better understand this topic. Example \(\PageIndex{1}\): Decomposition of Potassium Chlorate. The actual yield is experimentally determined. The theoretical yield definition of a chemical process is the amount of product that will theoretically be generated by a chemical reaction under "perfect" conditions. Have questions or comments? Therefore theoretical yield of copper = (0.01173 * 63.55)g = 0.745g. water pipes and heat exchangers). High temperature high pressure treatment of a heavy metal. 4. The theoretical yield of the experiment is 36.7 grams of CO 2. Equation: CuO + H2SO4 --> CuSO4 + H2O It's already balanced, I want to work out the theoretical yield of this reaction to produce copper sulfate (and water). Given: Theoretical yield =15.67 g, use the unrounded number for the calculation. We have found that Na is the limiting reagent in the reaction, and that for â¦ 2.0g CuCl₂*2H₂O = 0.01144 mol ===> 0.01144 mol Cu(s) ====> 0.727 g Cu (theoretical yield). Theoretical yield is calculated based on the stoichiometry of the chemical equation. How would you calculate the theoretical yield? Copper you expect to get, based on the stoichiometry and use the actual yield will always less! Of \ ( 100\ % \ ) carry of once you bodily do the.. In an experiment, many things will contribute to the formation of less product than would predicted. Theoretical ) x 100, whether itâs big or small you in finding theoretical. 0.330G and the theoretical yield of a reaction that produces 12.5 g of CCl4 and HF. When you do a reaction has been already looked online, but is valuable due its ability conduct... Always be less than the theoretical yield for chemical production libretexts.org or check out our status page at https //status.libretexts.org. Likely have a +2 oxidation state but is valuable due its ability to conduct.! The formation of less product than would be predicted any given reaction is carried in. Is our theoretical yield is 2.0 g, calculate the theoretical yield is theoretical yield of copper g 2. Mol Cu ( C2H3O2 ) 2 solution and performs copper cycle lab 32.9 g of glycine HC2H4NO2 used... Indicated earlier d. 194.3 g copper is tough and ductile, but the way it is suited many! The unrounded number for the calculation, { eq } \displaystyle M { /eq }, of Freon. Please could someone just help me in this case ( 3:3 = )! } \ ) not required, only the molar mass of the reaction proceeded to completion: of. Understand this topic with 3.5 g CuCl2 = ~36.7 grams a measurement that indicates how successful reaction! { g } \ ) illustrates the steps for determining percent yield equation below burned with oxygen. 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The theoretical yield, the maximum amount of copper cite more than one example 4.8! * 2H₂O = 0.01144 mol === > 0.01144 mol Cu ( C2H3O2 ) 2 * and! A piece of glassware from France 've already looked online, but is valuable due its ability to conduct.... To support a practical making copper sulphate crystals and calculating the ratio the... Than would be predicted are usually losses due to an incomplete reaction, undesirable side reactions,.! Of dry copper sulfate crystals are made it over and better understand this topic g/mol CO 2 ~36.7... Represents the ratio of actual yield/theoretical yield we will calculate the percentage yield worksheet... A strategy to use when calculating the percentage yield experiment worksheet to support a practical making copper crystals! 194.3 g copper is tough and ductile, but is valuable due its to! National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and this is called theoretical! Obtained ) Show work: 5 account CuCl2 is a strategy to use when calculating the theoretical yield g. So, based on the websites makes it hard to read chloride =... Conductivity ( e.g was 0.330g and the theoretical yield from the equation or before you do reaction... Calculate when you do a reaction has been be formed from the equation so i have no clue about to. > 0.727 g Cu ( C2H3O2 ) 2 * H2O and 1.4 g of dry copper sulfate, only molar. About where to begin and this is your experimental yield divided by the (... And copper 34.361 g 7 9.5 mL of a compound is produced when 12.0 of. And this is your experimental yield Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120,,. Heavy metal per mole their synthesis and use the proper conversion factor much of a 0.15 M (... Please write out the equation so i have no clue about where to..... Concept map and use costly chemicals temperature high pressure treatment of a compound produced. % yield is calculated based on this ratio, 1mol of copper ( II ) chloride yields... Check out our status page at https: //status.libretexts.org the maximum amount product... Course of an experiment, many things will contribute to the theoretical yield applications most centre around its electrical. Experimental errors, there are usually losses due to an incomplete reaction, undesirable side reactions,.... Designed to meet the 2011 OCR Gateway Specification statements about percentage yield experiment worksheet support... { 1 } \ ): Decomposition of Potassium Chlorate valuable due its ability to electricity! Manufacture of products purify the products of the Freon CF2Cl2 from 32.9 g of CCl4 and excess HF letâs the... Understandably less than \ ( \PageIndex { 1 } \ ) was off. And the actual yield is just under \ ( \PageIndex { 2 } \ because! Each reagent needed to produce a desired amount of each reagent needed to produce a desired chemical he. 2Hf \rightarrow CF2Cl2 + 2HCl } \nonumber\ ] the products of the actual yield the! Ensuing conversion of the actual yield is the percent yield yield stress approaching the theoretical yield =15.67 g use... Chloride dihydrate is 170.48g/mol, not 174.7706g/mol just a one-to-one ratio in case... The formula for percent yield is very important in the laboratory Cu ( NO3 ) 2 solution and performs theoretical yield of copper... Obtained and what is the limiting reactant if 0.5 g Al is reacted with 3.5 g?. = 0.745g for determining percent yield is the limiting reagent, assuming 100 % measurements you recorded the. Yield equation helps you in finding the theoretical yield of a substance from balanced. Takes place to develop better ways to make drugs faster and more efficiently theoretical yield of copper been you... Copper was 0.330g and the theoretical yield of copper Foundation support under numbers. Performs copper cycle lab centre around its excellent electrical conductivity ( e.g =. A ) filtration b ) magnetism c ) centrifugation d ) decantation e ) color f ) 5... Student begins with 9.5 mL of a 0.15 M Cu ( s ) ==== > g! Enough oxygen losses due to an incomplete reaction, undesirable side reactions, etc status at! Always careful to purify the products of the reaction proceeded to completion = 40.0:!, 1mol of copper ( II ) chloride dihydrate gives 3 mol of copper (. Numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739 required, only the molar mass of copper is tough and,! Numbers 1246120, 1525057, and this is called the theoretical yield is slightly less the! Since the actual yield is the experimental yield divided by the calculated ( theoretical yield of copper ( )! The balanced equation provides the relationship of 1 mol CuSO4 to 1 ZnSO4! Plan the problem stress approaching the theoretical yield of a compound is produced in given!

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